SIMULTANEOUS REMOVAL OF SOME HEAVY METALS AND ARSENIC FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY Phragmites australis
Keywords:arsenic, heavy metals, Phragmites australis, phytoremediation, removal.
In this study, Phragmites australis (common reed) was transplanted into solutions added with different concentrations of Mn, Zn, Cd, Pb, and As for 30 days in the laboratory (10 days of incubation and repeated three times without changing the plant) to assess the removal of these metals and its accumulation in the plant. The results showed that high removal efficiency was achieved by growing P.australis. The highest daily removal rates of heavy metals and As were obtained after 1 day of new solution addition. The highest concentrations of Mn, Zn, Cd, Pb, and As in the plant roots were 3920, 1020, 90.9, 1350, and 183 mg kg–1 dry wt., respectively; those in the stems were 465, 108, 26.4, 227, and 74.0 mg kg–1 dry wt.; and those in the leaves were 716, 150, 18.1, 157, and 88.3 mg kg–1 dry wt. The results of this study indicated that P. australis has the ability to remove simultaneously these metals from water, making it a potential species for phytoremediation of wastewater from Pb-Zn mine.