COMPARISON OF ETHANOL YIELD BETWEEN SEPARATE AND SIMULTANEOUS HYDROLYSIS AND ETHANOL FERMENTATION OF FORMIC- FRACTIONATED SUGARCANE BAGASSE
Keywords:bioethanol, cellulose, fractionation, hydrolysis and fermentation, sugarcane bagasse.
The fractionation of sugarcane bagasse using formic acid allowed removing lignin and hemicellulose, obtaining a material containing up to 90 % cellulose. The material can be easily hydrolyzed into glucose to serve as materials to produce high value added products such as biofuel, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food additives, and the likes. The hydrolysate of fractionated bagasse was easily fermented with a (ethanol) fermentation yield attained 91.08 ± 2.02 %, showing no significant inhibition to the yeast in the hydrolysate. In this study, a process of simultaneous hydrolysis and fermentation (SSF) was performed to convert fractionated sugarcane bagasse at 20 % consistency to ethanol. The process with 6h pre-hydrolysis at 50 0C then SSF at 37 0C could attain a high ethanol concentration of 82.46 ± 3.42 g/L in the fermentation with the ethanol recovery yield of 81.66±1.88%; which was15.37 ± 1.06 % higher than that of the separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) process (70.78 ± 0.25 %). In addition, in the SSF, the process time was shorten to 4 days instead of 7 days in the SHF.