Vol. 27 No. 1 (2017)
Invited Papers

Chirality of Light in Hybrid Modes of Vacuum-clad Ultrathin Optical Fibers

Fam Le Kien
Quantum Systems Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Onna, Okinawa 904-0495, Japan
Th. Busch
Quantum Systems Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Onna, Okinawa 904-0495, Japan
Viet Giang Truong
Light-Matter Interactions Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Onna, Okinawa 904-0495, Japan
Sıle Nic Chormaic
Light-Matter Interactions Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Onna, Okinawa 904-0495, Japan and School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, 4001, South Africa

Published 29-03-2017

How to Cite

Kien, F. L., Busch, T., Truong, V. G., & Chormaic, S. N. (2017). Chirality of Light in Hybrid Modes of Vacuum-clad Ultrathin Optical Fibers. Communications in Physics, 27(1), 23. https://doi.org/10.15625/0868-3166/27/1/9240

Abstract

We investigate chirality of light in the quasicircularly polarized fundamental HE11 mode and the
quasicircularly polarized higher-order hybrid modes of vacuum-clad ultrathin optical fibers. We
show that, for a given fiber with the parameters in the range of experimental interest, the higherorder modes have smaller optical chirality per unit energy than the fundamental mode. The sign of
the chirality per unit energy of a HE or EH mode is the same as or opposite to, respectively, the
sign of the phase circulation direction. Outside the fiber, the fields in the quasicircularly polarized
HE11 mode and the quasicircularly polarized higher-order HE21 and HE31 modes are superchiral.

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