Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Study on characteristics of acacia wood by FTIR and thermogrametric analysis

Dinh Quoc Viet, Van Dinh Son Tho

Abstract


Renewable energy is very important for future development of society. Biomass is a type of energy that can be renewable. In this study, characterization of acacia wood is focused and discussed. The functional groups, crosslinking in the biomass structures and thermal decomposition were mentioned. In that, functional groups, crosslinking of acacia wood are analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermal decomposition is investigated with thermogravimetric equipment. Acacia wood has typical group of wood from FT-IR such as O-H, C-H, C-O, C-O-C of cellulose and lignin. The structure of cellulose is also very easy to be broken by thermal factor. In the inert atmosphere, cellulose decomposed dramatically in the temperature range of 280 to 550 °C and degradation of lignin occurred in the temperature range of 100 to 800 °C. Acacia wood decomposed in the temperature range of 200 to 580 °C with three distinct weight loss stages. The first stage is water removal of biomass and it completes below 120 oC. The second stage is in the range of 200-350 oC that is the initial decomposition of biomass and directly related to the formation of volatile substances from decomposition of hemicellulose and cellulose. The last stage is the continuous decomposition of lignin at higher temperature up to 580 oC. For cellulose, the thermal degradation in air atmosphere has decomposition temperature higher than that in the nitrogen atmosphere but the ending temperature is lower. On the other hand, the thermal decomposition of lignin just occurred from 150 to 560 oC. The reaction for acacia wood demonstrated three stages. The water evaporated at lower than 120 oC in the first stage. The second stage is the devolatilization of biomass (214-322 oC) and the third one (322-420 oC) is the combustion of char.

Keywords. Biomass, acacia wood, cellulose and lignin, FT-IR, characterization of biomass.

Keywords


Biomass, acacia wood, cellulose and lignin, FT-IR, characterization of biomass

References


P. McKendry. Energy production from biomass (part 1): overview of biomass, Bioresour. Technol., 83, 37-46 (2002).

A. Nordin. Chemical elemental characteristics of biomass fuels, Biomass and Bioenergy, 6(5), 339-347 (1994).

S. Garivait, U. Chaiyo, S. Patumsawad, and J. Deakhuntod. Physical and Chemical Properties of Thai Biomass Fuels from Agricultural Residues, 2nd Jt. Int. Conf. Sustainable Energy Environ, 48, 1-5 (2006).

L. Cuiping, W. Chuangzhi, Yanyongjie, and H. Haitao. Chemical elemental characteristics of biomass fuels in China, Biomass and Bioenergy, 27(2), 119-130 (2004).

M. Schwanninger, J. C. Rodrigues, H. Pereira, and B. Hinterstoisser. Effects of short-time vibratory ball milling on the shape of FT-IR spectra of wood and cellulose, Vib. Spectrosc., 36(1), 23-40 (2004).

D. Q. Viet, N. Van Vinh, and V. D. S. Tho. Thermogravimetric analysis and Kinetic study of acacia wood pyrolysis, Vietnam J. Chem., 53(6e4), 185-191 (2015).

C. M. Popescu, M. C. Popescu, G. Singurel, C. Vasile, D. S. Argyropoulos, and S. Willfor. Spectral characterization of eucalyptus wood, Appl. Spectrosc., 61(11), 1168-1177 (2007).

L. Q. Dien, N. T. M. Nguyet, P. H. Hoang, and T. D. Cuong. Properties of lignocellulosic biomass and aspects of their biochemical refineries in Vietnam: a review of recent, in Workshop Proceedings of Vietnam Forestry University - International Academy of wood science cooperation for development, 56-63 (2015).

C. M. Popescu, G. Singurel, M. C. Popescu, C. Vasile, D. S. Argyropoulos, and S. Willfir. Vibrational spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction methods to establish the differences between hardwood and softwood, Carbohydr. Polym., 77(4),

-857 (2009).

H. Yang, R. Yan, H. Chen, D. H. Lee, and C. Zheng. Characteristics of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin pyrolysis, Fuel, 86(12-13), 1781-1788 (2007).

O. Faix. Classification of Lignins from Different Botanical Origins by FT-IR Spectroscopy, Holzforschung, 45(1), 21-28 (1991).

R. Bodîrlǎu and C. A. Teacǎ. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermal analysis of lignocellulose fillers treated with organic anhydrides, Rom. Reports Phys., 54(1-2), 93-104 (2009).

D. Mohan, C. U. Pittman, and P. H. Steele. Pyrolysis of Wood/Biomass for Bio-oil: A Critical Review, Energy Fuels, 20(3), 848-889 (2006

W. Jin, K. Singh, and J. Zondlo. Pyrolysis Kinetics of Physical Components of Wood and Wood-Polymers Using Isoconversion Method, Agriculture, 3, 12-32 (2013).

H. Yang, R. Yan, H. Chen and C. Zheng. Influence of mineral matter on pyrolysis of palm oil wastes, Combustion Flame, 146, 605-611 (2006).

D. Q. Viet, N. Van Vinh, P. H. Luong, and V. D. S. Tho. Thermogravimetric Study on Rice, Corn and Sugar Cane Crop Residue, J. Sustain. Energy Environment, 6, 87-91 (2015).

K. G. Mansaray and A. E. Ghaly. Determination of kinetic parameters of rice husks in oxygen using thermogravimetric analysis, Energy Sources, 21, 899-911 (1999).

D. Lv, M. Xu, X. Liu, Z. Zhan, Z. Li and H. Yao. Effect of cellulose, lignin, alkali and alkaline earth metallic species on biomass pyrolysis and gasification, Fuel Process. Technol., 91(8), 903-909 (2010).

W. Chen, L.-X. Zhong, X.-W. Peng, K. Wang, Z.-F. Chen, and R.-C. Sun. Xylan-type hemicellulose supported palladium nanoparticles: a highly efficient and reusable catalyst for the carbon–carbon coupling reactions, Catal. Sci. Technol., 4, 1426-1435 (2014).

P. Basu, Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis Handbook, Elsevier (2010).

M. A. Saffe, M. E. Echegaray, G. D. Mazza, and R. A. Rodriguez. Thermo gravimetric analysis of peach pits under inert and air atmosphere, Int. J. Eng. Sci. Innov. Technol., 3(6), 21-30 (2014).

A. Rastrogi, M. K. Jha, and A. K. Sarma. Environmental Effects A comparative study of kinetics for combustion versus pyrolysis of Mesua ferrea husk, soya husk and Jatropha curcas husk using thermogravimmetry and different methods, Energy Sources Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., 38(10), 1355-1363 (2016).


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.