The freshwater copepod genus Mesocyclops (Copepoda, Cyclopoida, Cyclopidae) in Vietnam

Tran Duc Luong, Dang Ngoc Thanh, Ho Thanh Hai


The freshwater copepod Mesocyclops Sar, 1914, a species-rich genus within the family Cyclopoidae Rafinesque, 1815, is common in tropical areas. In addition, the genus members are used for the biological control of mosquito larvae (Anopheles, Aedes) which are vectors for transmitting dengue fever. In Vietnam, a total of 11 Mesocyclops species have been recorded in inland freshwater bodies. Of which, one endemic species (M. sondoongensis Tran & Hołyńska, 2015) and two species were described from Vietnam, namely M. yenae Hołyńska, 1998; M. ferjemurami Hołyńska & Vu, 2000. Diagnostic characteristics, habitat, and distribution of all 11 species are provided. Additionally, a pictorial key to all Vietnamese Mesocyclops is presented.



Cyclopidae, Mesocyclops, biodiversity, pictoral key, taxonomy, Vietnam.

Full Text:



Alekseev V. R., Sanoamuang L., 2006. Biodiversity of cyclopoid copepods in Thailand-with a description of Afrocyclops henrii sp. n. Arthropoda Selecta, 15(4): 277–290.

Connolly J., Watkins J. M., Hinchey E. K., Rudstam L. G., Reid J. W., 2019. The Asian cyclopoid copepod Mesocyclops pehpeiensis Hu, 1943 reported from the western basin of Lake Erie. J. Great Lakes Res., 45(1): 196–201.

Daday E., 1906. Untersuchungen über die Copepodenfauna von Hinterindien, Sumatra und Java, nebst einem Beitrag zur Copepodenkenntnis der Hawaii-Inseln. (Reise von Dr. Walter Volz). Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Thiere, 24(3): 175–206, pls. 14–16.

Dang N. T., 1980. Khu he dong vat khong xuong song nuoc ngot Bac Viet Nam. Science and Technics Publishing House, 464 pp. (in Vietnamese).

Dang N. T., Thai T. B., Pham V. M., 1980. Dinh loai dong vat khong xuong song nuoc ngot bac Viet Nam. Science and Technics Publishing House, 573 pp (in Vietnamese).

Dang N. T., Ho T. H., Duong D. T., Mai D. Y., 2002. Thuy sinh hoc cac thuy vuc nuoc ngot noi dia Viet Nam. Science and Technics Publishing House, 399 pp (in Vietnamese).

Defaye D., Kawabata K., 1993. Mesocyclops dissimilis n. sp. from Lake Biwa, Japan (Copepoda, Cyclopoida). Hydrobiologia, 257(2): 21–126. BF00005952

Dussart B. H., Fernando C. H., 1985. Tropical freshwater Copepoda from Papua, New Guinea, Burma, and Costa Rica, including a new species of Mesocyclops from Burma. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 63(1): 202–206.

Dussart B. H., Fernando C. H., 1988. Sur quelques Mesocyclops (Crustacea, Copepoda). Hydrobiologia, 157: 241–264.

Ghenne V., Fiers F., 2000. On Mesocyclops iranicus Lindberg, 1936 (Copepoda: Cyclopoida) and the cyclopoid collection made by Knut Lindberg during his 1935 visit to Iran. Annales Zoologici (Warszawa), 50(1): 93–98.

Guo X., 2000. A redescription of Mesocyclops pehpeiensis Hu, 1943 and notes on Mesocyclops ruttneri Kiefer, 1981 (Copepoda, Cyclopidae). Hydrobiologia, 418: 33–43. A:1004028731322

Gutiérrez-Aguirre M. A., Reid J. W., Suárez-Morales E., 2003. An Afro-Asian species of Mesocyclops (Copepoda: Cyclopoida) in Central America and Mexico. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 23(2): 352–363. 023[0352:AASOMC]2.0.CO;2

Gutiérrez-Aguirre M. A., Suárez-Morales E., Silva-Briano M., 2003. The Afro-Asian Mesocyclops aspericornis (Daday) (Copepoda, Cyclopidae) in Mexico: Comments on morphology and distribution. Crustaceana, 75(11): 1349–1361. 21629781

Gutiérrez-Aguirre M. A., Suárez-Morales E., Cervantes-Martínez A., Elías- Gutiérrez & Previattelli D., 2006. The neotropical species of Mesocyclops (Copepoda, Cyclopoida): An upgraded identification key and comments on selected taxa. Journal of Natural History, 40: 549–570.

Harada I., 1931. Studien über die süsswasserfauna formosas, IV. Susswasser-Cyclopiden aus formosa. Annotnes Zool. Jap., 13:149–168.

Hoang D. T., Phan D. D., 2011. Preliminary results from research on species compolition of zooplankton in Phu Ninh lake, Quang Nam Province. Proceeding of the 4th National Scientific Conference on Ecology and Biological Resources, 989–995 (in Vietnamese with English summary).

Hołyńska M., 1994. A redescription of Mesocyclops thermocyclopoides Harada, 1931 (Copepoda, Cyclopidae). Bull. Inst. r. Sci. nat. Belg., Biol., 64: 99–110.

Hołyńska M., 1997. Tracing the routes of speciation in Mesocyclops woutersi-superspecies (Copepoda: Cyclopoida). Annales Zoologici (Warszawa), 47 (3/4): 321–336.

Hołyńska M., 1998. A new species of Mesocyclops (Copepoda: Cyclopoida) from Vietnam. Annales Zoologici (Warszawa), 48 (3/4): 337–347.

Hołyńska M., 2000. Revision of the Australian species of the genus Mesocyclops Sars, 2014 (Copepoda: Cyclopidae). Annales Zoologici (Warszawa), 50(3): 363–447.

Hołyńska M., 2006. Phylogeny of Mesocyclops (Copepoda: Cyclopopidae) inferred from morphological character. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 147(1): 1–70. j.1096-3642.2006.00231.x

Hołyńska M., Fiers F., 1994. Mesocyclops thermocyclopoides species-group: redefinition and content. Hydrobiologia, 292/293: 41–51. /BF00229921

Hołyńska M., Vu S. N., 2000. A new Oriental species of Mesocyclops (Copepoda: Cyclopidae). Hydrobiologia, 429: 197–206. 1265

Hołyńska M., Brown M., 2003. Three New Species of Mesocyclops G. O. Sars, 1914 (Copepoda, Cyclopoida) from Australia and Burma, with Comments on the Mesocyclops Fauna of Australia. Crustaceana, 75(11): 1301–1334.

Hołyńska M., Reid J. W., Ueda H., 2003. Genus Mesocyclops Sars, 1914, in: Ueda H, Reid JW (Eds.), Copepoda: Cyclopoida Genera Mesocyclops and Thermocyclops. Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World, Volume 20, Backhuys Publishers, Amsterdam, pp. 12–214.

Hu, Y. T., 1943. Notes on fresh-water copepods from Pehpei, Szechwan. Sinensia, 14 (1–6): 115–128.

Kawabata K., Defaye D., 1994. Description of planktonic copepods from Lake Kahoku-gata, Japanese Journal of Limnology, 55(2): 143–158. rikusui.55.143

Kiefer F., 1981. Beitrag zur Kenntnis von Morphologie, Taxonomie und Geographischer Verbreitung von Mesocyclops leuckarti auctorum. Archiv für Hyrdobiologie, (Suppl.), 62(1):


Le T. N. N., Phan D. D., 2013. Diversity of zooplankton in the lower area of Long An Province. Proceeding of the 5th National Scientific Conference on Ecology and Biological Resources, 173–178 (in Vietnamese with English summary).

Le T. N. N., Phan D. D., 2015a. Diversity of zooplankton in Dankia reservoir, Lac Duong district, Lam Dong Province. Proceeding of the 6th National Scientific Conference on Ecology and Biological Resources, 708–713. (in Vietnamese with English summary).

Le T. N. N., Phan D. D., 2015b. Species composition and some biology index of zooplankton in Vinh Long Province. Proceeding of the 6th National Scientific Conference on Ecology and Biological Resources, 714–721. (in Vietnamese with English summary).

Le T. N. N., Phan D. D., 2019. Zooplankton diversity in some inland freshwater bodies of Soc Trang Province. Journal of Biology, 41(2se1&2se2): 33–44. DOI: 10.15625/0866-7160/v41n2se1&2se2. 14146

Marten G. G., Astaiza R., Suárez M. F., Monje C., Reid J. W., 1989. Natural control of larval Anopheles albimarus (Diptera: Culicidae) by the predator Mesocyclops (Copepoda: Cyclopoida). Journal of Medical Entomology, 26(6): 624–627. 26.6.624

Marten G. G., Bordes E. S., Mieu N., 1994. Use of cyclopoid copepods for mosquito control. Hydrobiologia, 292/293: 491–496.

Menéndez Díaz Z., Reid J. W., Castillo Guerra I, Valdés Ramos I., 2006. A new record of Mesocyclops pehpeiensis Hu, 1943 (Copepoda: Cyclopoida) for Cuba. Journal of Vector Ecology, 31(1): 193–195.[193:ANROMP]2.0.CO;2.

Mirabdullayev I. M., 1996. The genus Mesocyclops (Crustacea: Copepoda) in Uzbekistan (Central Asia). Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, 81(1): 93–100.

Mirabdullayev I. M., Stuge T. S., Kuzmetov A. R., 1995. On Mesocyclops ruttneri Kiefer, 1981 a species new to Kazakstan. Selevinia, 2: 31–33.

Onabamiro S. D., 1957. Some new species of Cyclops sensu lat. (Crustacea: Copepoda) from Nigeria. Journal of the Linnean Society, Zoology, 43: 123–133. tb02514.x

Phan D. D., Nguyen V. K., Le T. N. N., Dang N. T., Ho T. H., 2015. Identification Handbook of Freshwater Zooplankton of the Mekong River and its Tributaries, Mekong River Commission, Vientiane, 207 pp.

Reid J. W., 1993. New records and redescriptions of American species of Mesocyclops and of Diacyclops bernardi (Petkovsky, 1986) (Copepoda, Cyclopoida). Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde, 63(3): 173–191. 26660644-06303004

Reid J. W. and B. H. Kay. 1992. Mesocyclops guangxiensis, new species, and new records of four congeners (Crustacea: Copepoda: Cyclopidae) from China, Laos, and Viet Nam. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 105(2): 331–342.

Rylov V. M., 1948. Cyclopoida Presnykh Vod. Fauna SSSR, Rakoobraznye, Zoological Institute, Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R., Leningrad, 314 pp.

Suárez-Morales E, Gutiérrez-Aguirre M. A., Torres J. L., Hernández F., 2005. The Asian Mesocyclops pehpeiensis Hu, 1943 (Crustacea, Copepoda, Cyclopidae) in Southeast Mexico with comments on the distribution of the species. Zoosystema, 27: 245–256. /j.jglr.2018.11.005

Tran D. L, Hołyńska M., 2015. A new Mesocyclops with archaic morphology from a karstic cave in Central Vietnam, and its implications for the basal relationships within the genus. Annales zoologici (Warszawa), 65(4): 661–686.

Ueda H., Ishida T., 1997. Species composition and description of limnoplanktonic copepods from Okinawa. Plankton Biology and Ecology, 44(1/2): 41–54.

Ueda H., Ishida T., Imai J., 1997. Planktonic cyclopoid copepods from small ponds in Kyushu, Japan. II. Subfamily Cyclopinae. Hydrobiologia, 356: 61–71.

Van de Velde I., 1984. Revision of the African species of the genus Mesocyclops Sars, 1914 (Copepoda: Cyclopidae). Hydrobiologia, 109: 3–66. 10.1007/BF00006297

Van de Velde I., 1987. New Mesocyclops species (Copepoda, Cyclopidae) from Papua New Guinea. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie, 57: 149–162.

Vo V. P. & Hoang D. T., 2012. Study of fluctuation of zooplankkton in Tam Giang–Cau Hai lagoons system, Thua Thien Hue Province. Hue University Journal of Science: Natural Science, 75(6): 123–133 (in Vietnamese with English summary).

Vu S. N., Nguyen T. Y., Kay B. H., Reid J. W., 1998. Eradication of Aedes aedypti from a village in Vietnam, using Copepods and community participation. The Americal Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 59(4): 657–660.

Vu S. N., Nguyen T. Y., Hołyńska M., Reid J.W., Kay B., 2000. National progress in dengue vector control in vietnam: survey for Mesocyclops (Copepoda), Micronecta (Corixidae), and fish as Biological control agents. The Americal Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 62(1): 5–10.

Vu S. N., Kay B., Nguyen T. Y., Ryan P., Bektas A., 2004. Community mobilization, behavious change and biological control in the prevention and control of dengue fever in Vietnam. Dengue Bulletin, 28: 57–61.

DOI: Display counter: Abstract : 74 views. PDF : 3 views.


          mitra usaha tani

Editorial Office:

1st Floor, A16 Building, 18B Hoang Quoc Viet Street, Cau Giay District, Hanoi, Vietnam

Tel: (+84) 24 3791 7101