Current status of asian elephant population Elephas maximus in Pumat National Park Region, Nghe An Province

Nguyen Xuan Nghia, Nguyen Tien Dat, Nguyen Xuan Dang, Tran Xuan Cuong, Vo Cong Anh Tuan



Asian elephants are under high threats of extinction in Vietnam and worldwide. Population assessment of Asian elephants in Pumat National Park (NP) region, carried out in 2018−2019, showed that the wild Asian elephants population this region consisted of 3 groups with a total of 13−14 individuals. In Tuong Duong District, a group of 4-5 individuals lived in an area near Canh Ta stream (Tam Dinh commune, Vietnam) and Nam Xi stream (Muong Long commune, Laos), across the border between Vietnam and Laos. The group in Con Cuong district, with only one adult female, lived in forest compartments 780, 781,789 and 786 of Con Cuong Forestry Company, within the buffer zone of Pumat NP. The group in Anh Son district consisted of 8 individuals (5 adult females, 1 adult male, 1 sub-adult male and an juvenile born in 2016). They live in Cao Veu sector of Pumat NP core zone and buffer zone areas consisting of protected forests, rubber plantation forests and agricultural lands of households in Phuc Son Commune (Anh Son District) and Thanh Duc Commune (Thanh Chuong District).

Wild Asian elephants in Pumat NP region are facing dangers of extinction due to their small number as well as direct and indirect threats from human. The elephant group in Anh Son district, with the largest number of individuals consisting of breeding males, breeding females and a calf, is the most important for the maintainance and future development of elephant population within Puman NP. However, they are facing a number of  serious threats such as: un-controlled wildlife hunting and trade; rapid decrease and degradation of natural forest outside of Pumat National Park; and increasingly serious human-elephant conflicts.




Elephas maximus,biodiversity conservation, endangered species, Asian Elephant, Pumat National Park.

Full Text:



Dawson S., Do Tuoc, 1997. Status of Elephants in Nghe An and Ha Tinh Provinces, Vietnam. Gajah 17: 23−25.

Decision No. 763/QD-TTg, dated 21 May 2013 of Prime Minister approving the General Project of Elephant Conservation in Vietnam, Period 2013−2020 (In Vietnamese).

Decision No.4796/QD-UBND, dated 19 October 2013, of the Nghe An Provincial People Committee on approving Project of Urgent Conservation of Elephants in Nghe An Province toward 2020 (In Vietnamese).

Decision No. 160/2013/ND-CP, dated 12 November 2013 of the Government on criteria for identification and management regulations of species belonging to the list of endangered, rare and precious species of conservation priority (In Vietnamese).

Decision No. 06/2019/ND-CP, dated 22 January 2019 of the Government on the management regulations of forest endangered, rare and precious species and implementation of CITES. (In Vietnamese).

Department of Agriculture and Rural Development of Nghe An Province, 2013. A project of an urgent conservation of Elephants in Nghe An Province towards 2020. Nghe An Province, 74 pp. (in Vietnamese).

Do Tuoc, 1998. The present status of the Asian ElephantElephas maximus in Vietnam 1997−1998. In: Proceedings of the conference: Conservation of Asian Elephants in Indochina, Hanoi, Vietnam, 24–27th November 1998 (Eds: Osborn F.V., Vinton M. D.), FFI in Hanoi, 34−42.

IEF, 2017. Asian Elephant Range State Meeting: A final Report. Jakarta, Indonesia, April 18-20, 2017. International Elephant Foundation and IUCN/SSC Asian Elephant Specialist Group, 68 tr.

IUCN, 2019.The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 01 December 2019.

Ministry of Science, Vietnam Institute of Science and Technology, 2007. Vietnam Red Data Book. Part 1. Animals. Natural Science and Technology Publisher, Hanoi, 315 pp. (In Vietnamese).

Nguyen Xuan Dang, Trinh Viet Cuong, 2005. Current status of Asian Elephant Elephas maximus in Vietnam and the conservation recommendations. In “Scientific Reports on Ecology and Biological Resources”, the proceedings of the first National Scientific workshop,Hanoi, July 15th, 2005. Agriculture Publisher, Hanoi, 308−313 (in Vietnamese).

Nguyen Xuan Dang, 2015. An overview of conservation status of wild Asian Elephant Elephas maximus in Vietnam. A technical report for WWF-Vietnam, Hanoi, 59 pp.

SFNC,2001. Pu Mat: the biodiversity survey in a protected area of Vietnam. Social Forestry and Nature Conservation Project (SFNC). Labor and Social Publisher, Hanoi, 1974 pp.

Trinh Viet Cuong, HeffermanJ., Do Tuoc, Ngo Van Tri, F. Momberg, 2000. Vietnam national elephant status review 2000. FFI-Indochina Programme, Hanoi, 57tr.

Varma S., Nguyen Xuan Dang, Tran Van Thanh and R. Sukuma 2008. The elephants Elephas maximus of Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam: Status and conservation of a vanishing population. Oryx, 42(1), 92–99 doi:10.1017/S0030605308010090

Varma S., Baskaran N., Sukumar R. (2012). Field Key for Elephant Population Estimation and Age and Sex Classification. Indian Institute of Science, India, 29 pp.

Vietnam Forestry Department, 2018. Report on the results of implementation of the Vietnam Elephant Conservation General Project approved by Decision No. 763/QD-Ttg, dated 21 May 2013, of Prime-Minister, Hanoi, 20 pp. (In Vietnamese).

Waston J., Do Tuoc, Trinh Viet Cuong, 1996. Assessment of human-elephant conflict in Vietnam: Nghe An Province. FFI, MARD, Hanoi.

DOI: Display counter: Abstract : 41 views. PDF : 8 views.


          mitra usaha tani

Editorial Office:

1st Floor, A16 Building, 18B Hoang Quoc Viet Street, Cau Giay District, Hanoi, Vietnam

Tel: (+84) 24 3791 7101