Design Analysis, Installation and Performance Evaluation of a Hydraulic Ram Pump System with a Modified Waste Valve

Marvin Canoneo Credo, Danilo P. Metra


Hydraulic ram pump is one of the oldest mechanical devices used for water lifting. A hydraulic ram pump has two moving parts which are the waste valve and delivery valve. As a lot of studies had been carried out investigating parameters possibly affecting the performance of a hydraulic ram pump, this study aimed to design and­ fabricate a modified waste valve for a hydraulic ram pump with parts made from locally available off-the-shelf materials. Results revealed that varying the height of the waste valve’s stroke significantly affected the relivery flow rate thus affecting its overall all efficiency. 


Volume flow rate; irrigation system; water hammer; pumping system; water surges

Full Text:



S.N. Mohammed - Design and construction of a hydraulic ram pump, Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies, 11 (2007) 59-70.

T. Taye - Hydraulic Ram Pump, Journal of the ESME, 1 (1998) 1-11.

M. N. Harith, R. A. Bakar, D. Ramasamy, & M. Quanjin - A significant effect on flow analysis simulation study of improve design hydraulic pump,IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, (257)1 (2017) 12-76.

A. Roberts, B. Thomas, P. Sewell and E. Hoare - Generating renewable power from water hammer pressure surges, Renewable Energy, 134 (2019) 1392-1399.

E. Celik – Proceedings in International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Houston, Texas, (2012) 1-10.

M. Inthachot, S. Saehaeng, J.F.J. Max, J. Müllerc and W. Spreer - Hydraulic Ram Pumps for Irrigation in Northern Thailand, Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 5 (2015) 107-114.

V. Filipan, Z. Vireg dan A. Bergant - Mathematical Modelling of a Hydraulic Ram Pump System, Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 49 (3) (2013) 137-149.

N. S. M. Hussin, S. A. Gamil, N. A. M. Amin, M. J. A. Safar, M. S. A. Majid, M. N. F. M. Kazim, and N. F. M. Nasir - Design and analysis of hydraulic ram water pumping system, Journal of Physics: Conference Series 908 (1) (2017) 01205.

A. Pathak, A. Deo, S. Khune, S. Mehroliya and M.M. Pawar - Design of Hydraulic Ram Pump, International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology, 2(10) (2016) 290-293.

A. Deo, A. Pathak, S. Khune and M.M. Pawar - Design Methodology for Hydraulic Ram Pump, International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology, 5(4) (2016) 4737- 4745.

M. Chi, and P. Diemer - Hydraulic ram handbook, Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association (2002).

G.D. Jennings - Hydraulic Ram Pumps, Scotland: North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service (1996) 161-192.

A. Sheikh, C.C. Handa and A.P. Ninawe - A Generalised Design Approach for Hydraulic Ram Pump: A Review, International Journal of Engineering & Science Research, 3(10) (2013) 551-554.

P. Diwan, A. Patel and L. Sahu - Design and Fabrication of Hydraulic Ram with Methods of Improving Efficiency, International Journal of Current Engineering and Scientific Research (IJCESR), 3(4) (2016) 5-13.

S.S. Mondol - Design, Manufacture and Test a Hydraulic Ram, Doctoral dissertation, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Heritage Institute of Technology, West Bengal, 2014.

M. Suarda, A. Ghurri, M. Sucipta and I. G. B. W. Kusuma - Proceedings in AIP Conference, Maharashtra, India, 1984(1) (2018) 20-23.

M.O. de Carvalho, A.C. Diniz, and F.J. Neves - Resonant Behavior of a Hydraulic Ram Pump, Warpage Analyses on Thin Plate in Three-Plate Mold by Taguchi Method and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) for PC, ABS and PC/ABS, 1 (2012) 137.

M. Suarda - Forces Analysis on a Spherical Shaped Delivery Valve of Hydraulic ram Pump, Applied Mechanics and Materials, 776 (2015) 377-383.

R.D. Balguda, S.P. Rupanavar, P.S. Bagul and A.P.M.R. Ramteke - Designing of Hydraulic Ram Pump, International Journal of Engineering and Computer Science, 4(5) (2015) 11966-11971.

J. Li, K. Yang, X. Guo, and Y. Guo - Adjustable And High-Head Model Experiment On The Hydraulic Ram Pump, Shuili Xuebao/Journal Of Hydraulic Engineering, 46(1) (2015) 102–108.

P. Nambiar, A. Shetty, A. Thatte, S. Lonkar and V. Jokhi - Proceedings in International Conference on Technologies for Sustainable Development (ICTSD), Mumbai, India, (2015) 1-4.

D. Sarma, M. Das, B. Brahma, D. Pandwar, S. Rongphar and M. Rahman - Investigation and parameter optimization of a hydraulic ram pump using taguchi method, Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India):Series C, 97(4) (2016) 551-559.

R. D. Balgude, S.P. Rupanavar, P. S. Bagul, and A.P.M.R. Ramteke - A Designing of hydraulic ram pump, International Journal Of Engineering And Computer Science, 4(5) (2015).

M. Pawlick, C. Grguras, A. Chesser and A. Benson. (2018). Ram Pump Design and Installation Manual for use in Developing Countries [Internet]. Available:

DOI: Display counter: Abstract : 237 views. PDF : 93 views.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

budidaya tani

Index: Google Scholar; Crossref; VCGate; Asean Citation Index

Published by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology