Phan Que Phuong


In this study, we successfully synthesized Zn/Sn and Al/Sn catalysts by the combination of co-precipitation and hydrothermal methods.. These catalysts were prepared by hydrothermal method using zinc chloride ZnCl2, tin chloride SnCl4 and aluminium chloride AlCl3 precursors. Structure and physical properties of catalysts material were characterized by XRD, SEM. The products of glycerol conversion product was also tested by gas chromatography. The catalytic activity depends on reaction conditions (temperature and catalysts). The main product formed after the carbonylation reaction was glycerol carbonate. The selectivity of the main product was highest when using the Zn/Sn catalyst 5 % at a 145 °C during 5 hours with the yield was 77 %, the conversion degree was 88.5% and the selectivity was 86.91 %. For Al/Sn catalysts under the same reaction conditions, the efficiency was 61.3 % and the product selectivity achieved up to 74.05 % .


catalysts; co-precipitation method; glycerol; glycerol carbonate

Full Text:



Xiaohu Fan, Rachel Burton, Yongchang Zhou, Glycerol (Byproduct of Biodiesel Production) as a Source for Fuels and Chemicals Mini Review, The Open Fuels & Energy Science Journal 3 (2010) 17–22.

Fangxia Yang, Milford A Hanna, Runcang Sun, Value-added uses for crude glycerol--a byproduct of biodiesel production, Biotechnology for Biofuels 5 (2012) 13.

Teng, W.K., Ngoh, G.C., Yusoff, R., Aroua, M.K. A review on the performance of glycerol carbonate production via catalytic transesterification: Effects of influencing parameters. Energy Convers. Manag. 88 (2014) 484–497.

Shieh, W.-C., Dell, S., Repic, O., Nucleophilic Catalysis with 1,8-Diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU) for the Esterification of Carboxylic Acids with Dimethyl Carbonate. Chem. 67 (2002) 2188–2191.

Barrault, J., Jerome, F., J. Design of new solid catalysts for the selective conversion of glycerol. Lipid Sci. Technol. 110 (2008) 825–830.

Behr, A., Eilting, J., Irawadi, K., Leschinski, J., Lindner, F., Improved utilisation of renewable resources: New important derivatives of glycerol. Green Chem. 10 (2008) 13–30.

Zhou, C.-H.C., Beltramini, J.N., Fan, Y.-X., Lu, G.Q.M., Chemoselective catalytic conversion of glycerol as a biorenewable source to valuable commodity chemicals, Chem. Soc. Rev. 37 (2008) 527–549.

Pagliaro, M., Ciriminna, R., Kimura, H., Rossi, M., Della Pina, C., Eur. J. Recent advances in the conversion of bioglycerol into value‐added products. Lipid Sci. Technol. 111 (2009) 788–799.

Rahmat, N., Abdullah, A.Z., Mohamed, A.R.,.Recent progress on innovative and potential technologies for glycerol transformation into fuel additives: A critical review. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 14 (2010) 987–1000.

Judith Granados-Reyes, Pilar Salagre, Yolanda Cesteros, “CaAl-layered double hydroxides as active catalysts for the transesterification of glycerol to glycerol carbonate”, Applied Clay Science, Volumes 132–133 (2016) 216-222.

M.J. Climent, A. Corma, P.De Frutos, S.Iborra, M.Noy, A.Velty, Chemicals from biomass :Synthesis of glycerol carbonate by transesterification and carbonylation with urea with hydrotalcite catalysts . The role of acid – base pairs, J. Catal. 269 (2010) 140–149.

Z.I. Ishak, N.A. Sairi, Y. Alias, M.K.T. Aroua, R. Yusoff (2016), Production of Glycerol Carbonate from Glycerol with Aid of Ionic Liquid as Catalyst, Chemical Engineering Journal.

SandeshS., ShanbhagG. V., Halgeri A. B. – Zinc hydroxystannate: a promising solid acid–base bifunctional catalyst, RSC. Adv. 4 (2014) 974-977.

Wenyan Wang, Zhanwei Ma, Runjuan Liang, Tinghua Wu, Ying Wu, “Synthesis and photocatalytic performance of SnZn(OH)6 with different morphologies”, J.Mater. Res., 28 (2013)

ErikLewin, JörgPatscheider, “Structure and properties of sputter-deposited Al-Sn-N thin films”, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 682 (2016) 42-51.

Yuki Yamanishi, Masahiko Arai. Synthesis of glycerol carbonate from glycerol and urea using zinc-containing solid catalysts: A homogeneous reaction. Journal of Catalysis. 297 (2013) 137–141



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Index: Google Scholar; Crossref; VCGate; Asean Citation Index

Published by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology