PREPARATION OF POLYAMIDE11/BAMBOO FLOUR POLYMER COMPOSITE USING POLYVINYL ALCOHOL AS COMPATIBILIZER

Mai Duc Huynh

Abstract


In this work, the effects of bamboo flour (BF) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) contents on the tensile strength, impact strength, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) of polyamide 11/BF composites were studied in detail. The PVA was added into PA11/BF composites by two methods: (i) melt mixing with the other components in Haake mixer (one-step method); (ii) dispersing on the surface of BF in ethanol solution before mixing with PA11 in the melted state (two-step method). The investigation of mechanical properties showed the tensile strength of composites prepared by two-step method was higher than that of one-step method, while the trend for impact strength was opposite. On the other hand, DMTA analyses exhibited the enhacement of the compatibility of PA11/BF sample by observing the shift of peaks at the b relaxation around -80 oC due to the presence of PVA. This led to the increase of thermal stability of PA11/PVA/BF composites in comparison with PA11/BF composites.

 

Keywords


bamboo flour, PA11, poly vinylalcohol, DMTA, tensile strength.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/56/2A/12688

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Published by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology