PREPARATION AND FTIR STUDIES OF PMMA/PVC POLYMER BLENDS, PVC-g-PMMA GRAFT COPOLYMERS AND EVALUATING GRAFT CONTENT

Do Quang Tham, Tran Thi Mai, Thai Hoang, Nguyen Thi Thu Trang, Nguyen Thuy Chinh, Dam Xuan Thang

Abstract


This study presents the qualitative and quantitative analyses of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectra of poly(methyl methacrylate)/poly(vinyl chloride) blends (PMMA/PVC), as well as PVC-g-PMMA graft copolymers. Graft copolymerizations of methyl mathacrylate (MMA) onto PVC macromolecules were carried out mixture of cyclohexanone/N,N-dimethylformamide as solvents, dibenzoyl peroxide as initiator and nitrogen medium. FTIR spectra of PMMA/PVC blends showed that there were molecular interactions between C=O groups of PMMA and C-Cl groups of PVC. Assignments of infrared absorption bands for specific groups of PMMA/PVC blends have been contributed. Using regression method, linear calibration curve between PMMA mole content and peak areas of C=O groups in FTIR spectra of the blends has been found when C=O peak areas were multiplied by an appropriate factor. PMMA grafted content and total PMMA formed content in PVC-g-PMMA graft copolymers have been evaluated. The results showed that grafted PMMA content was increased since PVC was initiatly dechlorinated by NaOH solution. The grafted PMMA content and total formed PMMA content were 5.05 wt.% and 11.25 wt.% respectively when MMA monomers were grafted onto neat PVC and modified PVC molecules.

Keywords


Graft copolymer; PVC-g-PMMA; grafted content; PMMA/PVC blends; PMMA; PVC.

Full Text:

PDF

References


He H., Chen S., Bai J., Zheng H., Wu B., Ma M., Shi Y., and Wang X. - High transparency and toughness PMMA nanocomposites toughened by self-assembled 3D loofah-like gel networks: fabrication, mechanism, and insight into the in situ polymerization process. RSC Adv. 6 (2016) 34685-34691.

Ali U., Abd Karim K. J., and Buang N. - A Review of the Properties and Applications of Poly (Methyl Methacrylate) (PMMA). Polymer Reviews 55 (2015) 1-28.

Feuillade G., and Perche P. - Ion-conductive macromolecular gels and membranes for solid lithium cells. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 5 (1975) 63-69.

Appetecchi G. B., Croce F., and Scrosati B. - Kinetics and stability of the lithium electrode in poly(methylmethacrylate)-based gel electrolytes. Electrochimica Acta 40 (1995) 991-997.

Stephan A. M., Saito Y., Muniyandi N., Renganathan N. G., Kalyanasundaram S., and Nimma Elizabeth R. - Preparation and characterization of PVC/PMMA blend polymer electrolytes complexed with LiN(CF3SO2)2. Solid State Ionics 148 (2002) 467-473.

Sukeshini A. M., Nishimoto A., and Watanabe M. - Transport and electrochemical characterization of plasticized poly (vinyl chloride) solid electrolytes. Solid State Ionics 86 (1996) 385-393.

Gebreyesus M. A., Purushotham Y., and Kumar J. S. - Preparation and characterization of lithium ion conducting polymer electrolytes based on a blend of poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) and poly(methyl methacrylate). Heliyon 2 (2016) Article ID e000134.

Alghunaim N. S. - Spectroscopic analysis of PMMA/PVC blends containing CoCl2. Results in Physics 5 (2015) 331-336.

Elizabeth R. N., Kalyanasundaram S., Saito Y., and Stephan A. M. - Compatibility and thermal stability studies on plasticized PVC/PMMA blend polymer electrolytes complexed with different lithium salts. Polímeros 15 (2005) 46-52.

Wu G., Kang H., Tao Y., and Zhang H. - Influence of molecular weight of poly (methyl methacrylate) on its miscibility with poly (vinyl chloride) in the solution. Polymer Bulletin 60 (2008) 363-370.

Li W., Yuan M., and Yang M. - Dual-phase polymer electrolyte with enhanced phase compatibility based on Poly(MMA-g-PVC)/PMMA. European Polymer Journal 42 (2006) 1396-1402.

Ramesh S., and Chai M. F. - Conductivity, dielectric behavior and FTIR studies of high molecular weight poly(vinylchloride)–lithium triflate polymer electrolytes. Materials Science and Engineering B 139 (2007) 240-245.

Soman V. V., and Kelkar D. S. - FTIR Studies of Doped PMMA ‐ PVC Blend System. Macromolecular Symposia 277 (2009) 152-161.

Ramesh S., Leen K. H., Kumutha K., and Arof A. K. - FTIR studies of PVC/PMMA blend based polymer electrolytes. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 66 (2007) 1237-1242.

Khan M. S., Qazi R. A., and Wahid M. S. - Miscibility studies of PVC/PMMA and PS/PMMA blends by dilute solution viscometry and FTIR. African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry 2 (2008) 41-45.

Rajendran S., and Uma T. - Lithium ion conduction in PVC–LiBF4 electrolytes gelled with PMMA. Journal of Power Sources 88 (2000) 282-285.

Tham D. Q., Hoang T., Giang N. V., Dung N. T. K., and Chung I.-D. - Synthesis and characterization of (4-arm-star-PMMA)/PMMA-g-SiO2 hybrid nanocomposites. Green Processing and Synthesis 7 (2018) 391-398.

Wu J., Chen T., Luo X., Han D., Wang Z., and Wu J. - TG/FTIR analysis on co-pyrolysis behavior of PE, PVC and PS. Waste Management 34 (2014) 676-682.

Ramesh S., and Liew C.-W. - Dielectric and FTIR studies on blending of [xPMMA–(1−x)PVC] with LiTFSI. Measurement 46 (2013) 1650-1656.

Rajendran S., and Uma T. - Conductivity studies on PVC/PMMA polymer blend electrolyte. Materials Letters 44 (2000) 242-247.

Rajendran S., Uma T., and Mahalingam T. - Conductivity studies on PVC–PMMA–LiAsF6–DBP polymer blend electrolyte. European Polymer Journal 36 (2000) 2617-2620.

Coates J., in: R.A. Meyers, and M.L. McKelvy, (Eds.), - Encyclopedia of analytical chemistry, Wiley Online Library 2000.

Noda I., Dowrey A. E., Haynes J. L., and Marcott C., in: J.E. Mark, (Ed.), - Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook, Springer, New York, 2007, pp. 395-406.

Bensaid M. O., Ghalouci L., Hiadsi S., Lakhdari F., Benharrats N., and Vergoten G. - Molecular mechanics investigation of some acrylic polymers using SPASIBA force field. Vibrational Spectroscopy 74 (2014) 20-32.

Rao A., Rangwalla H., Varshney V., and Dhinojwala A. - Structure of poly (methyl methacrylate) chains adsorbed on sapphire probed using infrared− visible sum frequency generation spectroscopy. Langmuir 20 (2004) 7183-7188.

Wang J., Chen C., Buck S. M., and Chen Z. - Molecular Chemical Structure on Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) Surface Studied by Sum Frequency Generation (SFG) Vibrational Spectroscopy. Journal of Physical Chemistry B 105 (2001) 12118-12125.

Haris M., Kathiresan S., and Mohan S. - FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra and normal coordinate analysis of poly methyl methacrylate. Pharma Chem. 2 (2010) 316-323.

Lu R., Gan W., Wu B.-H., Zhang Z., Guo Y., and Wang H.-F. - C−H stretching vibrations of methyl, methylene and methine groups at the vapor/alcohol (n = 1−8) interfaces. Journal of Physical Chemistry B 109 (2005) 14118-14129.

Krimm S., Folt V. L., Shipman J. J., and Berens A. R. - Infrared spectra and assignments for polyvinyl chloride and deuterated analogs. Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry 1 (1963) 2621-2650.

Kowalonek J. - Surface studies of UV-irradiated poly(vinyl chloride)/poly(methyl methacrylate) blends. Polymer Degradation and Stability 133 (2016) 367-377.

Hezma A. M., Elashmawi I. S., Rajeh A., and Kamal M. - Change Spectroscopic, thermal and mechanical studies of PU/PVC blends. Physica B: Condensed Matter. 495 (2016) 4-10.

Bower D. I., and Maddams W. F., - The vibrational spectroscopy of polymers, Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Stromberg R. R., Straus S., and Achhammer B. G. - Infrared Spectra of Thermally Degraded Poly (Vinyl Chloride). Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards 60 (1958) 147.

Rajendran S., Kannan R., and Mahendran O. - An electrochemical investigation on PMMA/PVdF blend-based polymer electrolytes. Materials Letters 49 (2001) 172-179.

Tabb D. L., and Koenig J. L. - Fourier Transform Infrared Study of Plasticized and Unplasticized Poly(vinyl chloride). Macromolecules 8 (1975) 929-934.

Suart B., - Infrared spectroscopy: Fundamental and applications, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2004.

Tahira B. E., Khan M. I., Saeed R., and Akhwan S. - A Review: Thermal Degradation and Stabilization of Poly (Vinyl Chloride). International Journal of Research 1 (2014) 732-750.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/57/1/12682

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Index: Google Scholar; Crossref; VCGate; Asean Citation Index

Published by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology