EFFECT OF ORGANIC LOADING RATE ON THE PERFORMANCE OF ANAEROBIC CO-DIGESTION DIGESTER TREATING FOOD WASTE AND SLUDGE WASTE

Dinh Thi Nga

Abstract


This research was carried out to evaluate the effect of organic loading rate to the performance of anaerobic co-digestion digester treating organic fraction of food waste (FW) and sludge waste (SW) from wastewater treatment plant. The experiment was conducted in two runs: Run S50, substrate contained 50 % of FW and 50 % of SW in term of volatile solid (VS) concentration; Run S100 (control run) contained 100 % SW in the influent substrate. The experiment was performed in a 3L working volume reactor at ambient temperature with three levels of organic loading rate (OLR) as 2; 4; 6 kgVS/m3/day, the duration of experiment was 18 days for each level of OLR. As results, the average of biogas production rate (BPR) at OLR 2;4;6 kgVS/m3/day,in Run S50 and Run S100 was 390 – 520;  860 – 1220; 1140 - 2440 ml/day and 160 – 300; 560 – 640; 700 - 1400 ml/day, respectively. The maximum methane yield (mlCH4/gVSadded/day) of organic loading rate 2; 4; 6 kgVS/m3/day was 118.96; 326.49; 628.20 for Run S50 and; 58.28; 160.27; 255.54 for Run S100, respectively. In conclusion, Run S50 always produced higher biogas production rate and higher methane yield at all 3 OLR levels. The higer OLR could enhance BPR and methane yield but at OLR 6 kgVS/m3/day made unstable performance and high concentration of COD in the effluent. Therefore, in this experimental conditions it has better operation at OLR under 6 kgVS/m3/day for the stable performance of reactors.


Keywords


sludge waste, organic fraction of food waste, anaerobic co-digestion, organic loading rate, methane yield.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/56/2A/12626

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Published by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology