ENHANCED FERROELECTRICITY AND FERROMAGNETISM OF (Y, Ni) CO-DOPED BiFeO3 MATERIALS

Dao Viet Thang

Abstract


In this study, multiferroicMultiferroic Bi1-xYxFe0.975Ni0.025O3 (x = 0.00, 0.05, 0.10, and 0.15) called as (Y, Ni)                co-doped BiFeO3materials were synthesized by a sol-gel method.  and characterized by X-ray diffraction diagrams and(XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) and vibrating sample magnetization (VSM) measurements demonstrated. The result showed that Bi1-xYxFe0.975Ni0.025O3all investigated materials waspresent a single phase of the perovskite-type rhombohedral structure. Ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity of the Bi1-xYxFe0.975Ni0.025O3materials have been investigated. Results showed that the co-doping by (Y, Ni) for (Bi, Fe)  have affected in enhancing by the (Y, Ni) co-doping, as a result the ferroelectric polarization and magnetization of BiFeO3. The magnetic characterization indicated that the ferromagnetic behavior wasthe initial BiFeO3 materialwere enhanced with increasing concentration of Y3+ for (Y, Ni) co-substituted of BiFeO3. Which could beion. It is attributed to the defferentdifference of the magnetic momentmoments of Ni2+ and Fe3+, and+ ions, as well as the Y3+-Fe3+,+ and Y3+-Ni2+ super-exchange interaction. Theinteractions. The characteristics of the investigated materials, such as remanent magnetization (Mr), saturation magnetization (Ms), remanent polarization (2Pr) and saturation polarization (2Ps) continuously increase upon increasing in the range of x from 0.00 to 0.15. When x = 0.15, the values of Mr and Ms are 0.078 and 0.794 emu/g, respectively. The values of 2Pr and 2Psare 16.58 and 27.99 µC/cm2, respectively. Origin of ferromagnetic and ferroelectric properties of Bi1-xYxFe0.975Ni0.025O3 materials will be discussed in this paper.


Keywords


multiferroic, ferromagnetism, ferroelectricity, co-dopeddoping.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/56/1A/12526

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Published by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology