HIGH SOLID FERMENTATION AT PILOT SCALE FOR POTABALE ETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM RICE

Nguyen Chinh Nghia

Abstract


In recent year, besides conventional process comprising separated liquefaction, saccharification and fermentation steps, few ethanol distilleries in Vietnam started using Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation (SSF) for ethanol production. In this work, we developed an SSF process of rice mash at high solids for potable ethanol production at pilot scale of 30 liters. After investigation on liquefaction and boiling time of five SSF processes, we selected the most suitable one (SSF3) to apply to pilot scale. At pilot scale, rice flour (RF) was dissolved in water to reach 315.4 g/l dry matter, then the mixture was liquefied at 85 oC for 60 min by using an alpha-amylase (Liquozyme SC DS at 45.36 KNU-S/kg RF) and a beta-glucanase (Optimash TBG at 2.812 U/kg CF). The starch slurry was then boiled for 30 min. SSF of liquefied mash was performed at 30 oC with the simultaneous addition of a gluco-amylase (Spirizyme SC DS at 540 AGU/kg RF) and a protease (FermgenTM at 600 SAPU/kg RF), active dry yeast (Ethanol Red at 1.5×107cells/l), urea (12 mM) and KH2PO4 (4 mM). Under these conditions, SSF process finished after 120 h and achieved 16.7  % v/v ethanol, which was equivalent to 87.1  % of the theoretical yield. Therefore, the VHG fermentation of rice flour could be a great potential to be applied in potable ethanol industry in Vietnam.


Keywords


simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF), high solids, rice flour, potable ethanol.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/55/5A/12193 Display counter: Abstract : 73 views. PDF : 65 views.

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Published by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology