ANTIBIOTICS AND PESTICIDES IN WATER AND SEDIMENTS FROM INTENSIVE SHRIMP FARMS IN SOUTHERN VIETNAM

Nguyen Truong An

Abstract


In recent years, shrimp farming has developed rapidly and become one of the major export sectors of Vietnam. In particular, Mekong Delta Vietnam (MDVN) accounts for over 90 % shrimp farming area in Vietnam. Shrimp industry development leads to use a large amount of antibiotics (ABs) and pesticides for disease prevention, treatment and sanitation pond. These compounds are usually discharged directly into the environment through water and sludge after harvesting. The presence of antibiotics and pesticides in the environment cause negative impacts on ecosystems and human health. In this study, the passive sampling method with POCIS sampler (Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Samplers) was used to monitor the presence of 12 ABs and 2 pesticides in water of intensive shrimp ponds and the surrounding canals at Tan Tru District (Long An province) and Can Gio District (Ho Chi Minh city) following a production cycle. The results showed that ABs and pesticides were detected in water and sediment in the pond and canals in both research sites. Two pesticides (atrazine and diuron) were detected in the pond and leading canals in both study areas with low concentrations from several ng/L to several tens of ng/L. In Tan Tru, three antibiotics (Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole and Enrofloxacin) were detected in water at concentrations ranging from several tens of ng/L to 300 ng/L; in sediments of shrimp pond and canal the levels of pesticides and ABs ranged from 10 to 200 µg/kg. In Can Gio - HCMC, 4 ABs (Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Ciprofloxacin and Enrofloxacin) were detected ranging from a few ng/L to several µg/L in water, and a few mg/kg in sediments of the pond. The results also showed that in the pond, ABs type and concentration detection varied by region and shrimp growth cycles.


Keywords


shrimp farming; antibiotics; pesticides; water; passive sampling.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/54/4B/12035 Display counter: Abstract : 68 views. PDF : 41 views.

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Published by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology