Methodology of determining effective porosity and longitudinal dispersivity of aquifer and the application to field tracer injection test in Southern Hanoi, Vietnam

Tong Ngoc Thanh, Trieu Duc Huy, Nguyen Van Kenh, Tong Thanh Tung, Pham Ba Quyen, Nguyen Van Hoang*


Groundwater field pumping out and tracer injection test had been carried out at Nghiem Xuyen commune, Thuong Tin district, Hanoi where salinized and fresh groundwater boundary exist in the Pleistocene aquifer. The test was executed with pumping out rate of 9l/sec and tracer injection rate of 0.7l/sec of water with the salt concentration of 5g/l. The interpretation and analysis of the groundwater solute transport parameters by the field pumping out and tracer injection test is a rather complicated and delicate task due to the variability of the temporal boundary conditions. The test results have shown that although the tracer injection time is rather long (up to 60 hours), the tracer breakthrough curve of the tracer concentration of the pumped out water has its very specific characteristic shape, however with some variation due to the test invisible variability of conditions. The results of the parameter identification based on the method of least squares have given effective porosity of 0.32 and longitudinal dispersivity of 2.5m (which give the hydrodynamic dispersion of from D=250m2/day right outside the pumping well screen to D=18m2/day right outside the injection well screen). The minimal sum of squares of the differences between the observed and model normalized tracer concentration is 0.00119, which is corresponding to the average absolute difference between observed and model normalized concentrations of 0.0355 (while 1 is the worse and 0 is the best). The results have also shown that the maximal tracer concentration right outside the pumping out well screen is 6.1 times greater than the tracer concentration of the pumped out water. The distortion flow coefficient αW (the ratio between the flow rate through the injection well section without its presence) and the groundwater flow into the tracer injection well is from 18.66 (at the early testing time) to 10.76 (at the later testing time).


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Groundwater solute transport, tracer injection, effective porosity, longitudinal dispersivity, method of least squares, flow distortion coefficient

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