APPLICATION OF REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY AND GIS IN ESTABLISHMENT OF FOREST FIRE HAZARD MAP IN DAKLAK PROVINCE

Luu The Anh, Tran Anh Tuan, Hoang Thi Huyen Ngoc, Le Ba Bien

Abstract


Forest fire is one of the disasters causing threats to the forests and the ecosystem and socio-economic aspects throught out the world. Forest fire also leads to an increase in green house gases emisstions. Air pollution due to smoke causes prolonged effects on human health such as respiratory and cardiovascular problems. Knowledge of flammable materials and their potential fire behavior in different forest types is essential in forest fire management. Remote Sensing and GIS can play an important role in detecting burnt forest and developing the spatial models to predict potential forest for fire risk. This study demonstrates the effective use of remote sensing imagery and geographic information system for establishing the forest fire hazard map at scale of 1:100.000 for Daklak province. Landsat ETM image captured in 2011 and Weighted Overlay tool in ArcGIS software were used in this study. Eight parameters of forest types, daily average temperature during  dry  season, daily average precipitation in dry season, daily average  wind  speed,  slope, terrain direction, distant  between  burned  field to forest  and  distant from  resident to forest  were  used  as main inputs in  GIS model. The study result shown that, the total fire area at low fire risk is 219,344 ha (accounting for 35.9% of total area of forest in Daklak province), medium fire risk is 130,207 ha (21.3%), high fire risk is 220,565 ha (36.1%) and very high fire risk is 41,488 ha (6.8%).

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15625/0866-7187/36/3/5908 Display counter: Abstract : 111 views. PDF : 111 views.

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Vietnam Journal of Earth Sciences, ISSN: 0866 - 7187

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