Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access


Ho Son Lam, Huynh Minh Sang


Effects of antibiotics usage in aquaculture on environment and human health has prompted the search for alternative products. Recently, the microelements in organic form have been used as alternative to antibiotics in aquaculture. Se is one of the microelements that have received heightened attention. This report reviews the role of Se in the culture of fishes (cobia Rachycentron canadum L., red sea bream Pagrus major, fingerling channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus, seabass Lates calcarifer, snubnose dart Trachinotus blochii, rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, common carp Cyprinus carpio L., Atlantic salmon parr Salmo salar, nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus, african catfish Clarias gariepinus, Senegalese sole Solea senegalensis, grouper Epinephelus malabaricus, gilthead seabream Sparus aurata, Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, fathead minnow Pimephales promelas, striped bass Morone saxatilis, bluegill Lepomis macrochirus, crucian carp Carassius auratus gibelio) and crustacean (giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii, white shrimp Penaeus vannamei, marron Cherax cainii, crayfish Procambarus clarkii). Suggestion for further research on the application of Se in aquaculture is also included.


Fish, crustacean, aquaculture, Selenium.

Full Text:



Rosen, G. D., 1996. The nutritional effects of tetracyclines in broiler feeds. In XX World’s Poult. congress.(New Delhi, India WPSA)

(pp. 141-146).

Huỳnh Minh Sang và Trần Văn Bằng, 2013. Tổng quan về việc sử dụng mannanoligosaccharides trong nuôi trồng thủy sản. Kỷ yếu Hội nghị quốc tế Biển Đông 2012. Tr. 269-278.

Genc, M. A., Aktas, M., Genc, E., and Yilmaz, E., 2007. Effects of dietary mannan oligosaccharide on growth, body composition and hepatopancreas histology of Penaeus semisulcatus (de Haan 1844). Aquaculture Nutrition, 13(2), 156-161.

Bell, J. G., Cowey, C. B., Adron, J. W., and Shanks, A. M., 1985. Some effects of vitamin E and selenium deprivation on tissue enzyme levels and indices of tissue peroxidation in rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). British Journal of Nutrition, 53(1), 149-157.

Hilton, J. W., Hodson, P. V., and Slinger, S. J., 1980. The requirement and toxicity of selenium in rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). The Journal of Nutrition, 110(12), 2527-2535.

Watanabe, T., Kiron, V., and Satoh, S., 1997. Trace minerals in fish nutrition. Aquaculture, 151(1-4), 185-207.

Rotruck, J. T., Pope, A. L., Ganther, H. E., Swanson, A. B., Hafeman, D. G., and Hoekstra, W., 1973. Selenium: Biochemical role as a component of glutathione peroxidase. Science, 179(4073), 588-590.

Trần Đức Diễn, Huỳnh Minh Sang và Lê Minh Hoàng, 2013. Ảnh hưởng của selen hữu cơ lên sinh trưởng, tỷ lệ sống, thành phần sinh hóa và khả năng miễn dịch của cá chẽm (Lates calcarifer Bloch 1790). Tạp chí Khoa học và Công nghệ Nhiệt đới, 112, 40-50.

Gatellier, P., Mercier, Y., and Renerre, M., 2004. Effect of diet finishing mode (pasture or mixed diet) on antioxidant status of Charolais bovine meat. Meat Science, 67(3), 385-394.

Wang, C., and Lovell, R. T., 1997. Organic selenium sources, selenomethionine and selenoyeast, have higher bioavailability than an inorganic selenium source, sodium selenite, in diets for channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Aquaculture, 152(1-4), 223-234.

Lorentzen, M., Maage, A., and Julshamn, K., 1994. Effects of dietary selenite or selenomethionine on tissue selenium levels of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture, 121(4), 359-367.

Ogle, R. S., and Knight, A. W., 1989. Effects of elevated foodborne selenium on growth and reproduction of the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas). Archives of Environmental Contamination and

Toxicology, 18(6), 795-803.

Hamilton, S. J., and Buhl, K. J., 1990. Safety assessment of selected inorganic elements to fry of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 20(3), 307-324.

Hamilton, S. J., Buhl, K. J., Bullard, F. A., and Little, E. E., 2000. Chronic toxicity and hazard assessment of an inorganic mixture simulating irrigation drainwater to razorback sucker and bonytail. Environmental Toxicology, 15(1), 48-64.

Alina, R. A., Sara, A., Barbu, A., and Molnar, F., 2009. The influence of organic selenium on the growth and survival performances of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.), galitian and lausitz variety, juveniles. Bull. UASVM Anim. Sci. Biotech, 66, 1-2.

Zhou, X., Wang, Y., Gu, Q., and Li, W., 2009. Effects of different dietary selenium sources (selenium nanoparticle and selenomethionine) on growth performance, muscle composition and glutathione peroxidase enzyme activity of crucian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio).

Aquaculture, 291(1-2), 78-81.

Chiu, S. T., Hsieh, S. L., Yeh, S. P., Jian, S. J., Cheng, W., and Liu, C. H., 2010. The increase of immunity and disease resistance of the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii by feeding with selenium enriched-diet. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 29(4), 623-629.

Nugroho, R., and Fotedar, R., 2013. Effects of dietary organic selenium on immune responses, total selenium accumulation and digestive system health of marron, Cherax cainii (Austin, 2002). Aquaculture

Research, 1-11.

Sang, H. M., Thuy, N. T. T., and Hoang, D. H., 2015. Effects of Dietary Organic Selenium on Growth, Survival, Physiological and Hematology Conditions of Snub-Nose Dart (Trachinotus blochii Lacepide, 1801). The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh.

Hồ Sơn Lâm và Phạm Thị Anh, 2016. Ảnh hưởng của Selenium hữu cơ lên tăng trưởng, tỷ lệ sống và khả năng chịu sốc độ mặn của cá khoang cổ (Amphiprion ocellaris Cuvier, 1830). Tạp chí Khoa học Trường Đại học Cần Thơ, 43, 89-96.

Sang, H. M., Thuy, N. T. T., and Lam, H. S., 2016. Effects of Organic Selenium (OS) on Survival, Physiological and Immunological Response of Snub-Nosed Dart (Trachinotus blochii Lacepide, 1801) Fingerlings When Challenged with Bacterial Infection and Copper Exposure. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh.

Hilton, J. W., Hodson, P. V., and Slinger, S. J., 1982. Absorption, distribution, half-life and possible routes of elimination of dietary selenium in juvenile rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). Comparative biochemistry and physiology. C: Comparative pharmacology, 71(1), 49-55.

Hunt, A. O., Berkoz, M., Ozkan, F., Yalin, S., Ercen, Z., Erdogan, E., and Gunduz, S. G., 2011. Effects of organic selenium on growth, muscle composition, and antioxidant system in rainbow trout. Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 63(562), 10 p.

Lin, Y. H., and Shiau, S. Y., 2005. Dietary selenium requirements of juvenile grouper, Epinephelus malabaricus. Aquaculture, 250(1-2), 356-363.

Dörr, A. J. M., Pacini, N., Abete, M. C., Prearo, M., and Elia, A.

C., 2008. Effects of a selenium-enriched diet on antioxidant response in adult crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Chemosphere, 73(7), 1090-1095.

Hamre, K., Mollan, T. A., Sæle, Ø., and Erstad, B., 2008. Rotifers enriched with iodine and selenium increase survival in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) larvae. Aquaculture, 284(1-4), 190-195.

Kim, H. J., Sakakura, Y., Maruyama, I., Nakamura, T., Takiyama, K., Fujiki, H., and Hagiwara, A., 2014. Feeding effect of selenium enriched rotifers on larval growth and development in Red Sea bream Pagrus major. Aquaculture, 432, 273-277.

Liu, K., Wang, X. J., Ai, Q., Mai, K., and Zhang, W., 2010. Dietary selenium requirement for juvenile cobia, Rachycentron canadum L. Aquaculture Research, 41(10), e594-e601.

Gatlin III, D. M., and Wilson, R. P., 1984. Dietary selenium requirement of fingerling channel catfish. The Journal of

Nutrition, 114(3), 627-633.

Poston, H. A., and Combs Jr, G. F., 1979. Interrelationships between requirements for dietary selenium, vitamin E, and L-ascorbic acid by Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fed a semipurified diet. Fish Health

News, 8(4), vi-vii.

Abdel-Tawwab, M., Mousa, M. A., and Abbass, F. E., 2007. Growth performance and physiological response of African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (B.) fed organic selenium prior to the exposure to environmental copper toxicity. Aquaculture, 272(1-4), 335-345.

Abdel-Tawwab, M., and Wafeek, M., 2010. Response of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.) to environmental cadmium toxicity during organic selenium supplementation. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 41(1), 106-114.

Bell, J. G., Cowey, C. B., Adron, J. W., and Pirie, B. J. S., 1987. Some effects of selenium deficiency on enzyme activities and indices of tissue peroxidation in Atlantic salmon parr (Salmo salar).

Aquaculture, 65(1), 43-54.

Sritunyalucksana, K., Intaraprasong, A., Sa-Nguanrut, P., Filer, K., and Fegan, D. F. (2011). Organic selenium supplementation promotes shrimp growth and disease resistance to Taura syndrome virus.

Scienceasia, 37, 24-30.

Ribeiro, A. R. A., Ribeiro, L., Sæle, Ø., Hamre, K., Dinis, M. T., and Moren, M., 2012. Selenium supplementation changes glutathione peroxidase activity and thyroid hormone production in Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) larvae. Aquaculture Nutrition, 18(5), 559-567.

Saleh, R., Betancor, M. B., Roo, J., Montero, D., Zamorano, M. J., and Izquierdo, M., 2014. Selenium levels in early weaning diets for gilthead seabream larvae. Aquaculture, 426, 256-263.

Fjoelstad, M., and Heyeraas, A. L., 1985. Muscular and myocardial degeneration in cultured Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., suffering from ‘Hitra disease’. Journal of Fish Diseases, 8(4), 367-372.

Elia, A. C., Prearo, M., Pacini, N., Dörr, A. J. M., and Abete, M. C., 2011. Effects of selenium diets on growth, accumulation and antioxidant response in juvenile carp. Ecotoxicology and Environmental

Safety, 74(2), 166-173.

Coughlan, D. J., and Velte, J. S., 1989. Dietary toxicity of selenium-contaminated red shiners to striped bass. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 118(4), 400-408.

Woock, S. E., Garrett, W. R., Partin, W. E., and Bryson, W. T., 1987. Decreased survival and teratogenesis during laboratory selenium exposures to bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 39(6), 998-1005.


Journal of Marine Science and Technology ISSN: 1859 3097

Published by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology