Electrochemical Performance of \(\text{Na}_{0.44}\text{MnO}_{2}\) Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method Using as a Cathode Material for Sodium Ion Batteries

Tan Anh Ta, Long Duy Pham, Hieu Sy Nguyen, Chung Vu Hoang, Chi Ha Le, Chien Tran Dang, Hoa Thi Thu Nguyen, Nghia Van Nguyen


Orthorhombic Na0.44MnO2 with an S-shape tunnel structure was successfully synthesized by a hydrothermal method. The Na0.44MnO2 material has lattice parameters of a = 9.0842 Å, b = 26.2889 Å, and c = 2.8245 Å. Scanning electron microscope analysis reveals that the morphologies of Na0.44MnO2 consist of Na0.44MnO2 nanowires with diameters of about 30-50 nm and Na0.44MnO2 particles with the size in the range of 200 to 500 nm. The first charge and discharge capacities of Na0.44MnO2 cathode, at 0.1 C between 2.0-4.0 V, are 66.2 mAh g-1 and 62.7 mAh g-1, respectively. The Na0.44MnO2 has an excellent cycle stability with 85.3% of capacity retention over 50 cycles. The coulombic efficiency of Na0.44MnO2 material is approximately 90% after 70 cycles. It is suggested that the structure of Na0.44MnO2 is stable during cycling and Na0.44MnO2 can be a promising cathode material for sodium ion batteries.


cathode materials, hydrothermal method, Na0.44MnO2, sodium ion battery


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